Introduction to Psychotherapy & Counselling

Introduction to Psychotherapy and counselling

What do these words mean?

Psychotherapy, psychological therapy and counselling are words used to describe therapies that work through conversation.

Different therapies

Different therapists may use different techniques in therapy to assist someone to make changes in their life, and this gives the various types of therapies their own characteristics.

This section of the website includes information about different therapies and what it is like to have them.

You can also find information here:

CBT (Cognitive Behaviour Therapy) for Psychosis

Cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) is a form of talking therapy. It focuses on thoughts and feelings and behaviours and how these affect each other. It is based on the idea that ways of thinking and behaviour can help cause mental health problems, or help to keep them going. CBT therapists aim to help people to improve their mental health through making changes in their thinking and behaviour. In psychosis, the aim is to reduce the distress caused by hallucinatory voices, and improve coping. [Read More ..]

Psychodynamic Therapy

Psychodynamic therapists aim to help people understand and address their problems by becoming more aware of their inner life and its effect on their present experience and relationships. Psychodynamic therapy is based on recognising that: Problems in the present may have their roots in past experience; A person’s inner life or ‘inner world’ is shaped through their past experience; For each of us our inner world shapes the patterns of our relationships in the present, including how we feel about ourselves and other people, and how we respond; This often happens without our being aware of what is driving our perceptions and behaviour ie. it happens unconsciously. [Read More ..]

Group Therapy

Group therapy has a number of advantages and some disadvantages compared with individual therapy. Advantages are that you benefit from hearing about other people’s experiences and what has helped them, you can speak or stay in the background as you prefer, you can get support and understanding from people who have been in the same boat as you, and you can feel useful and valued by others from sharing your own views and experiences. [Read More ..]

Therapeutic Communities

The basic idea of a therapeutic community is to create a life-like living situation (residential or several days a week) where people can practice the basic skills of living with other people. So how does that work? In its purest form the members of the community have all or most of the responsibility for its existence: cooking, cleaning, shopping and budgeting; dealing with visitors, deciding on new admissions, etc. Where the learning comes in is in having to cooperate with other people, deciding the rules, and what to do if someone breaks them, being able to give and take instructions, etc. [Read More ..]